Design is an art form that requires a combination of elements to create a visually appealing and effective composition. One of the most important principles of design is hierarchy, which is a way of visually classifying design elements. A good design guides the view through each area in order of priority. Alignment is another key principle that helps ensure a crisp and tidy appearance for better designs by ensuring that the various design elements have a pleasant connection to each other.
Proportion is the visual size and weight of the composition of objects or elements that helps designers approach the design. Colors are also an important part of design. The designer must understand hue (another word for color), saturation (which refers to intensity) and value (explains how dark or light a particular color is). Movement refers to the way the viewer looks at the photograph when he approaches it for the first time.
Repetition focuses on the same object that is repeated, while patterns are composed of different elements that are then repeated in the same way during the design. Contrast refers to the level of difference between design elements to create visual hierarchies. These principles are essential for any artist or designer who wants to create works of art that will surprise people and get good publicity. If you are taking any of the AP Art courses, such as 2D or 3D studio art, you absolutely have to understand the basic principles of design.
By combining more than one principle together, you can create stunning designs that will capture people's attention and benefit your work.